Goats have the reputation of being able to stomach almost anything; in fact, they are more common used for weed control, but in fact there is there are quite several plants goats cannot eat. It is important to learn to recognize
Goats have the reputation of being able to stomach almost anything; in fact, they are more common used for weed control, but in fact there is there are quite several plants goats cannot eat. It is important to learn to recognize plants that are toxic to goats and how to recognize the symptoms. There is at least 700+ species of plants in the US that have been recognized as causing toxicity in ruminants. Plants dangerous to goats are more likely to be ingested when the animals are near starvation and eat plants, they normally would avoid such as bales of hay; however, that is not the only time a goat will feed on toxic plants.
Not every toxic plant is deadly, as many toxicity levels causing different effects can occur. Some will be immediate, and others may build up in the animal’s system over time. The type of toxic plant and the amount the animal has ingested will determine the level of toxicity thus the result of sickness and or death.
Black Cohosh Bloodroot Carolina Jessamine Celandine Poppy Bleeding Heart Fumewort Hellebore Larkspur Lupine Corn Cockle Ivy Lily of the Valley Milkweed White Snakeroot Lantana Sneezeweed St. John’s Wort Wolfsbane/Monkshood Dutchman’s Breeches/Stagger weed Parsnips
Boxwood, Carolina Allspice, Oleander, Rhododendron, Wild Black Cherry, Wild Hydrangea, Black Locust, Buckeye, Cherry, Chokecherry, Elderberry, Laurel, Johnson Grass, Sorghum, Sudan grass, Velvet grass, Buckwheat, Rape/Rapeseed, Nightshade, Poison Hemlock, Rattle weed, Horse nettle, Indian Poke, Jimsonweed, Death Camas, Water Hemlock, castor bean, Baneberry, Buttercups, Cocklebur, Creeping Charlie, Lobelia, Sandbur, Spurges, Inkberry, Pokeweed, Pine Trees,
Below is a list more specific however in sheep do NOT use a regular mineral block for your sheep that you use with your goats or cattle, Do NOT use Goat or cow milk replacement you would use in your bottle baby goats and calves excessive copper will kill your sheep before you know what hit you. YOU MAY however use fresh goats milk with bottle fed lambs, don’t ask me why but our vet verified it.
|Science Name||Common Name(s)||Species Most
|Parts Poisonous||Primary Poison(s)|
|Apocynum spp.||Dogbane||horses, cattle, humans, sheep, cats, dogs, goats||rhizome||apocynamarin|
|Asclepias spp.||Milkweed||sheep, cattle, goats||leaves, fruits, stems||desglucosyrioside, syrioside|
|Astragalus and Oxytropis spp.||Locoweed||horse,sheep, cattle||flowers, leaves, stems||selenium, nitro compounds, swainsonine|
|Brassica spp,||Rape, Cabbage, Turnips, Broccoli, Mustard||cattle, humans, swine, sheep, goats, poultry||roots, seeds||glucosinolates, brassica, anemia factor|
|Chenopodium album||Lambs Quarters||cattle, horses, humans, sheep, swine||all||nitrates|
|Eupatorium rugosum||White Snakeroot||cattle, dogs, goats, horses, humans, rabbits, sheep||all||tremetone|
|Euphorbia spp.||Poinsettia, Spurges, Snow on the Mountain||cattle, horses, humans, sheep||leaves, stems and sap||phorbol esters|
|Halogeton glomeratus||Halogeton||sheep, cattle||leaves, stems||soluble oxalates|
|Hypericum perforatum||St. Johns Wort, Klamath Weed||horses, sheep, goats||all||hypericum|
|Lantana camara||Lantana, Red Sage, Yellow Sage, West Indian Lantana||cattle, dogs, goats, cats, humans, sheep||unripe, green berries||triterpenes|
|Lathyrus spp.||Sweet Pea, Tangier Pea, Everlasting Pea, Caley Pea, Singletary Pea||horses, rodents, turkeys, sheep, humans||seeds||DABA, ODAP, amine, phenol, glycoside|
|Leucothoe axillaris and Leucothoe davisiae||Drooping Leucothoe, Sierra Laurel||goats, sheep||leaves, nectar||andromedotoxin|
|Linum usitatissimum||Flax||cattle, sheep||all||cyanogenic glycoside|
|Lotus corniculatus||Birdsfoot Trefoil||cattle, sheep||CN tannini|
|Medicago sativa||Alfalfa, Lucerne||cattle, chickens, humans, sheep||all||canavanine, saponins|
|Metilotus alba and Melilotus officinalis||White Sweetclover, Yellow Sweetclover||horses, cattle, sheep||stem||dicoumarol|
|Nerium oleander||Oleander||horses, cattle, sheep, dogs, humans, goats||all, leaves, stems||nerioside, oleandroside, saponins, cardiac glycosides|
|Phytolacca americana||Pokeweed||cattle, sheep, humans, turkeys, swine, horses||all||phytolaccatoxin, phytolaccigenin|
|Prunus spp.||Wild Cherries, Black Cherry, Bitter Cherry, Choke Cherry, Pin Cherry||horses, cattle, moose, sheep, swine, goats||seeds, leaves||amygdalin, prunasin|
|Pteridium aquilinium||Bracken Fern||horse, cattle, sheep, humans, swine||all||prunasin, ptaquiloside, thiaminase|
|Robinia pseudoacacia||Black Locust||horses, cattle, humans, poultry, sheep, goats||bark, leaves, seeds||robin, phasin|
|Rumex spp.||Dock||cattle, sheep||leaves||soluble oxalates|
|Senecio spp.||Senecio, Groundsels, Ragwort||horse, cattle, goats, sheep, human||leaves||jacobine, seneciphylline|
|Solanum spp.||Common Nightshade, Black Nightshade, Horse Nettle, Buffalo Bur, Potato||cattle, humans, rodents, sheep, horses, goats||leaves, immature fruit||soladulcidine,solanine|
|Tetradymia spp.||Horsebrush||sheep, cattle||leaves|
|Triglochin maritima||Arrowgrass||cattle, sheep||all, leaves, flowers||taxiphillin, triglochinin|
|Veratrum californicum||Corn Lily, False Hellbore||sheep||all||cylcopam|
Sheep and goats living together
Like many things related to livestock, the answer to the question, “Can I keep sheep and goats together?” does not have a simple yes or no answer.
Sheep and goats have the same diseases this is probably the #1 reason I hear people say that you should not keep sheep and goats together. However, if your goats and sheep do not have any diseases, then they can’t give them to each other. If we assume you have purchased your sheep and goats from breeders who have animals that have tested negative for common ruminant diseases, then keeping them together is not a problem.
After all, they can’t give a disease to each other if they don’t have it. The other thing to think about is that even if you have only goats (or sheep), and one of them has a disease, it will give it your other goats (or sheep). This is why it is important to buy animals that are disease free. Sheep and goats have the same parasites, yes, they do, but if you don’t practice good parasite management, you will have a lot of problems keeping your animals healthy regardless of whether you have only one species or both.
Copper is toxic to sheep, you can find this statement written all over the place, but it is simply not true. The fact is that sheep need less copper than goats do, and they have a lower tolerance for an excessive amount of copper, of course, excess copper can be toxic to any living creature. But if your sheep accidentally licks up a little of a goat mineral, it will not drop dead. I cannot tell you how many people have freaked out in that scenario because so many sources claim that copper is toxic to sheep. But I simply use a sheep mineral block and give my goats supplements problem solved,,